Dr Erik Ropers1
1Towson University, United States
Chinese forced laborers at the Hanaoka mine in northern Japan were forcibly mobilized by Japan in 1944 and 1945 for labor service in the construction and mining industries. After the surrender of Japan in August 1945 and occupation of Japan by the Allied Powers, a process to investigate, determine, and adjudicate Japanese responsibility for war crimes was undertaken by the Allied authorities. Much attention has focused on the process and outcome of the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunal; only recently have cases at the Yokohama War Crimes Tribunal and other regional war crimes tribunals become of significant interest to scholars. Eight Japanese who were allegedly present and involved in the incident were put on trial at Yokohama for B/C war crimes related to conditions at the mine, violence against workers, and methods used to contain a worker uprising in late June of 1945. The evidence, trial record, and case review, running into thousands of pages, provides a window on the processes as to how SCAP authorities viewed and prosecuted Japanese for crimes against Chinese civilians and the difficulties of seeking truth and justice for victims and survivors.
Biography: To come