Miss Sandry Saraswati1, Mr Deda Rizky Rainditya
1Universitas Airlangga (Airlangga University), Surabaya, Indonesia
This research focuses on the existence of Balinese local gangsters in the dynamics of post-authoritarian local electoral democracy. Balinese local gangsters – in the context of this research are Laskar Bali and Baladika – apparently have their own agenda wrapped in Balinese locality values: the revival of the local aristocracy (puri) in Bali’s leadership. Using Ernesto Laclau’s Populism theoretical framework, both Laskar Bali and Baladika coalesce into The ‘People’ for articulating the narrative of the revival of the local aristocracy in Bali’s leadership against the local electoral democracy system. As for the rise of local aristocrats in Indonesia’s post-authoritarian era, this is as the response of indigenous people, including the aristocrats, towards the narrative of nationalism and the pressure of the New Order regime with its single ideological narrative (Pancasila). In the context of this research, local aristocrats also have an agenda to participate in fulfilling the civil society narrative that is increasingly inclusive in the post-authoritarian era. Balinese local gangsters are also carrying out the same pattern through articulating the interests of local aristocrats as their strategy.
Sandry Saraswati is an undergraduate student of Political Science in Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia. Her research interest covers Indonesia’s local politics and militia groups, specifically in the East Java and Bali. She is a research and lecturer assistant in the Department of Political Science, Airlangga University. She is also the Head of Research and Development in the Independent Election Monitoring Committee (KIPP) in the East Java region.
Deda R. Rainditya is an undergraduate student of Political Science in Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia. He is a research and lecturer assistant in the Department of Political Science, Airlangga University, and often conducts several research in the East Java. He concerns in the field of Indonesia’s Political Economy and neoliberal studies. He also conducts several researches related to election violation with Independent Electoral Monitoring Committee (KIPP) in the East Java.