Harian Rakjat as Indonesian Communist Party Campaign Tool for 1955 National Election

Bimo Bagas Basworo

Freelance researcher

This study entitled Harian Rakjat as Indonesian Comunist Party Campaign Tool for 1955 National Election is aimed to investigate the roles of a newspaper called Harian Rakjat to campaign Indonesian Communist Party (Partai Komunis Indonesia, PKI) in 1955 election. This research will answer three questions. They are (1) “What role does Harian Rakjat play in PKI campaign in the election?” (2) “What issue used in the newspaper for the campaign?” and (3) “How huge is Harian Rakjat role for the success of PKI in 1955 election?” This research used historical method, namely source gathering, source critics, data interpretation or analysis, and writings or historiography. The source used for this study was Harian Rakjat newspaper archives around 1954-1955 and related secondary source. The result of this study shows the huge role of Harian Rakjat towards the success of PKI in 1955 election. This newspaper actively supported PKI campaigns and propagandas through many media, from articles, caricatures, until comics. This newspaper also played a role as propaganda media provider and election practice for members of PKI.

Keywords: Harian Rakjat, Partai Komunis Indonesia, 1955 national election


Bimo Bagas Basworo was graduated from History Department , Faculty of Literature, Sanata Dharma University. He is now a freelance researcher, and is involved in a project in collecting and archiving documents related to the Indonesian 1965 mass violence.


The Asian Studies Association of Australia (ASAA) is the peak body of university experts and educators on Asia in Australia. Established in 1976, we promote and support the study of Asia in Australian universities and knowledge of Asia among the broader community. Our membership is drawn mainly from academics and students, but also includes industry and government Asia experts. We take a strong interest in promoting knowledge about Asia in schools and in contributing to state and Commonwealth government policies related to Asia. We provide informed comment on Asia to a broad public through our bulletin, Asian Currents, and specialist research articles in our journal, Asian Studies Review. Four book series published under our auspices cover Southeast Asia, South Asia, East Asia and Women in Asia.

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