Dr Yoshifumi Azuma1
1School of Policy Science, Ritsumeikan University, Ibaraki City, Japan
This paper aims to examine how the 2002 Cambodian DDR (Demobilization, Disarmament and Reintegration) program, a critical component of transitional justice, addresses acute deforestation in Cambodia. Since 2003, I have carried out the qualitative and quantitative surveys with former Khmer Rouge combatants. In general, demobilized combatants inhabited remote area of Cambodia after the surrender in. However, the lack of rural employment opportunities, as well as fraud connected with the DDR program forced them to become involved with illegal logging. This presentation consists of two major parts. Firstly, I will explain the development of DDR program since 2002 and present some related empirical data based on interviews. Secondly, I use satellite data and Drone, GIS graphics to visually show the extent to which acute deforestation has occurred due to illegal logging. All in all, the rapid environmental destruction of a rich natural conservation area has taken place. This is true especially in demobilised combatant resettlement areas, where local authorities are ignoring laws and working with former KR combatants to engage in aggressive illegal logging. However, it is rather harsh to blame the demobilized combatants alone. As I will argue the highly corrupt DDR program pushed them to cut the expensive first-class timber, and resulted in the huge deforestation.
SUMMARY OF RELEVANT ACADEMIC WORK EXPERIENCE
2018 March-2019 March, Visiting Professor, Royal University of Phnom Penh
2013 April- present, Professor, School of Policy Science, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto
April 2003 Associate Professor, School of Humanities, Ibaraki National University
October 1998-Sep 1999, Visiting Fellow, Demography Program, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University
January 1991- February 1992; January 1989-January 1990; visiting Fellow, Centre for Population and Manpower Studies, Indonesian Institute of Science (LIPI),
My current research interest consists of three major parts; 1) Area Studies (especially a focus on Southeast Asia, 2) Development and Under-development and 3) Conflict and Peace Building. My particular strength is that my research and practical knowledge of cross boundaries, and this would encourage our students to follow better career paths.
Prior to my university career, I held senior management posts in a number of development organizations, including the United Nations’ Department of Peace Keeping Operations, JICA and other international development aid agencies. In those agencies, I was able to obtain a vast amount of cross-cultural work experience and professionalism.
Japan Society of Southeast Asian Studies, Tokyo
Japan Society of Indonesian Studies (Kapal), Kyoto.
Japan Society of Cambodian Studies, Kyoto