8Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Regional autonomy in Indonesia since 1999 has consequences for agricultural development. On the one hand, it provides space for regions to design agricultural policies in accordance adapted to socio-economic conditions and local resources. On the other hand, patterns and diversity between regions is so large that policies and practices are marginalized if local governments pay low attention to agricultural development. The strategic issue of achieving national and regional food security remains a concern although in practice its dynamics fluctuate depending on the role and contribution of field extension officers. The institutional structure and programs of extension in each region are also diverse depending on commitment and policies of the local government. Regions with strong commitments still give a strong status to extension, but others reduce extension services to supporting functions. Recently, the implementation of food security programs was also complicated by an agreement for integrated assistance of extension workers, students and military officers in special efforts to increase staple food production. Although military officers could potentially support the program, there needs to be clear arrangements and coordination between extension workers, military and students so that the program will be more effective in the future.
Subejo is associate professor in agricultural extension and communication at the Faculty of Agriculture. His teaching, research, supervision and professional consultation/training are related to agricultural extension, agricultural/community development and ICTs in agricultural and rural development. He is also a visiting lecturer at Tokyo University of Agriculture.