1University Of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
This paper tests the hypothesis posed by Alice Nah (2016), namely that by working through the transnational Asia Pacific Refugee Rights Network (APRRN), local civil society can pressure states ‘from below’; that they have a ‘unique location vis a vis states’; that APPRN has assisted local civil society to develop a ‘community of practice’. In this paper I will present a case study and contrast of two Indonesian members of APPRN, namely Human Rights Working Group (HRWG) and SUAKA – the Indonesian Civil Society Network for Refugee Rights Protection. HRWG is a regional ‘networker’ as well as a national actor, as it works closely with ASEAN; whereas SUAKA is a national network organization. This paper will compare these two organizations which offer contrasting models of national and regional networking to determine how these local civil society actors engage in norm entrepreneurship and engage with the state and non-state actors through regional and international fora.