Syakkyaka or Buddhism songs became popular from 1000. Being a literary form which combines literature with religion, it was welcomed by aristocratic scholars and females. And they regarded it as a beneficial way to enter into the bliss world after death. From Shūi Wakashū, Syakkyaka began to be included into Nijūichidaishū. Seeing from the poems in Nijūichidaishū and those created by the waka poets, the main purpose of the poems was to gain merits and virtues. Compared with the contemporary female writers, only two Waka from Murasaki Sikibu that could be described as Syakkyaka, which were collected into The Diary of Murasaki Shikibu as diary poems. What’s more, the two poems were composed in the Thirties Dharma assembly of Saddharmapundarika Sutra hosted by Fujiwara Michinaga, so they were occasional works. In her diary and even in The Tale of Genji, she expressed her longing to become a nun. She also dwelled on how a person who was in vexation could get out of the obsession and become a nun in order to achieve the pursuit of rebirth in the hereafter. Among female writers in Heian Period, she was the only one who regarded Buddhism as the ultimate destination.
Longmei (1964-), is a Professor in Beijin Center for Japanese Studies, Beijin Foreign Studies University. She received her Ph.D. in 1998, The University of Tokyo. Her research interest is classical Japanese literature.