Re-Examining Chinese Nation-Building in Offshore Hong Kong: When Chinese National Education Curriculums Meet with Contested Media

Mr Xingxing Wang1

1The Education University Of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong

More than two decades after the handover, the number of Hong Kong’s youth identifying themselves as Chinese has remained on the low side and even dropped to historical low in recent years. Why does the Chinese nationalist school curriculums and textbooks fail to build a strong Chinese national identity among Hong Kong’s youth? This thesis hypothesized that such a failure reflects the limits of Beijing in implementing its ideological indoctrination in Hong Kong as an offshore autonomy under the One Country Two Systems model, where unlike in the Mainland the Chinese Communist Party-state has complete control of schools and mass media, the official nationalist discourse in Hong Kong is constantly being contested and challenged by alternative media discourses. According to existing studies, there is a remarkable correlation between the political attitude of mass media and its audiences. Therefore, this thesis constructed a research frame work-Mass Media-for analysing and explaining the localism of Hong Kong under Chinese nation-building process. It will contribute to Chinese nationalism literature by broadening the focus of Chinese nation-building theories from Chinese Communist Party-state’s direct jurisdictions in the Mainland to its offshore jurisdictions in Hong Kong.


WANG Xingxing (王星星), from the Mainland China, a PhD student at The Academy of Hong Kong Studies (AHKS) of The Education University of Hong Kong (EdUHK). Before his PhD study on national identity of Hong Kong youth, Mr. Wang concerned rural education of China during MPhil study at Fudan University.



The Asian Studies Association of Australia (ASAA) is the peak body of university experts and educators on Asia in Australia. Established in 1976, we promote and support the study of Asia in Australian universities and knowledge of Asia among the broader community. Our membership is drawn mainly from academics and students, but also includes industry and government Asia experts. We take a strong interest in promoting knowledge about Asia in schools and in contributing to state and Commonwealth government policies related to Asia. We provide informed comment on Asia to a broad public through our bulletin, Asian Currents, and specialist research articles in our journal, Asian Studies Review. Four book series published under our auspices cover Southeast Asia, South Asia, East Asia and Women in Asia.

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