The Indonesia Consolidation of Illiberal Democracy under the Jokowi Administration

Mr Airlangga Pribadi Kusman1

1Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

The discussion will examine the consolidation of illiberal democracy under the past five years of the administration of Joko Widodo. The ripening process of Indonesia’s illiberal democracy has not only occurred through the control of business-political alliance factions over the State and political arena, but also through the State production of radicalism as a potential threat toward the nation-state. This is also followed by the reproduction of illiberal discourse and negation of liberal political issues in the public space. Secondly, this illiberal democracy consolidation process is conditioned by the political dynamic in the civil society arena over the past five years between supporters of the battling oligarchic factions that shows similarities rather than ideological polarization related to the use of reactionary political rhetoric. Thirdly, the global constellation following the weakening of the US superpower hegemony runs parallel to the emergence of the new global powers like China and Russia amid the strengthening of populist politics situation and underpinning the illiberal political tendencies and thus weakening the notion of liberal democracy reproduction in Indonesia.


Dr Airlangga Pribadi Kusman is a lecturer in the School of Social and Political Sciences at Airlangga University in Surabaya. He holds a PhD from the Asian Studies Centre at Murdoch University.



The Asian Studies Association of Australia (ASAA) is the peak body of university experts and educators on Asia in Australia. Established in 1976, we promote and support the study of Asia in Australian universities and knowledge of Asia among the broader community. Our membership is drawn mainly from academics and students, but also includes industry and government Asia experts. We take a strong interest in promoting knowledge about Asia in schools and in contributing to state and Commonwealth government policies related to Asia. We provide informed comment on Asia to a broad public through our bulletin, Asian Currents, and specialist research articles in our journal, Asian Studies Review. Four book series published under our auspices cover Southeast Asia, South Asia, East Asia and Women in Asia.

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