How Does a Transnational Environmental NGO Reconstruct Westphalian Sovereignty?

Mr Ade Wirasenjaya1

1Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

This paper will conduct a critical analysis of the power of transnational actors in reconstructing the idea of sovereignty through ecological issues in the case of the Heart of Borneo (HoB) project. The transnational actor group to be discussed is the NGO Word Wild Fund for Nature (WWF). The role and position of WWF is very significant in designing the HoB project that crosses forests in three countries in Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Brunei Darussalam and Malaysia. The success of transnational NGOs in constructing ecological projects has reconstructed the idea of the state sovereignty which has a Westphalian pattern. Therefore, the realist idea about sovereignty is a historis and need to reconstruct. Using critical and neo-Gramcian theory from Robert Cox, this paper argues that the idea of sovereignty is a discursive product of social groups that have material capabilities, ideas and structures. The HoB is a product of the post-westphalian historical structure.


Mr Ade Wirasenjaya is a lecturer and researcher at the International Relations Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta (UMY), Indonesia.
He is also Editor of the Journal of International Relations UMY



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