Women, Workloads, and Gender Equality in Indonesia

Ms. Ade Kusuma3

3Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Jawa Timur, Surabaya, Indonesia

Gender differences do not become a problem if it does not cause gender inequalities. Gender inequalities also arise as a result of the existence of gender roles. One form of gender inequality is workloads. In Indonesia, the differentiation of roles and areas of workload between men and women continues to persist. The domestic sector is an area for women, while the public sector is the responsibility of men. When a woman dares to join the public sector, then she must also have awareness and remain responsible for the domestic sector, or double workloads. This study uses a phenomenological study by taking data through in-depth interviews and literature studies to explore more deeply how women experience workloads in urban and rural communities. The results of this study also want to see how the shifting forms of gender inequalities by women in Indonesia, especially injustices caused by double workloads.


Ade Kusuma M.Med.Kom is a lecturer of Communication Science Dept Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Jawa Timur, Indonesia since 2010. She has a research interest in intercultural communication, gender, and film studies.


The Asian Studies Association of Australia (ASAA) is the peak body of university experts and educators on Asia in Australia. Established in 1976, we promote and support the study of Asia in Australian universities and knowledge of Asia among the broader community. Our membership is drawn mainly from academics and students, but also includes industry and government Asia experts. We take a strong interest in promoting knowledge about Asia in schools and in contributing to state and Commonwealth government policies related to Asia. We provide informed comment on Asia to a broad public through our bulletin, Asian Currents, and specialist research articles in our journal, Asian Studies Review. Four book series published under our auspices cover Southeast Asia, South Asia, East Asia and Women in Asia.

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