Mr Ucu Martanto1
1Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
If development is defined as a process of (re)negotiation of power and (re)production of space, then conflict is the sine qua non of development project. In the case of tourism development, the nexus has been reflected in Mandalika and Labuan Bajo though each has its own characteristic specifically on planning processes. Adopted from decentralization concept and praxis in political and government studies, a decentralized planning is an ideal model of territorial governance that have been promoted by academia and practitioners. It is the best form for bringing good development outcomes in a sense a government are able to formulate plans according to the needs and preferences of the people and implement them in such a way that the people and their constituency benefit from such need-based and decentralised plan. By the logic of decentralized governance, (spatial) conflict are more manageable given that affected people’s participation can be facilitated in planning processes. However, this research shows the contradictions of decentralisation-conflict relation. The intensity of spatial conflicts was gradually declined in a centralistic planning as it shown in Mandalika case. On the contrary, a more decentralised planning in Labuan Bajo shows a swelling in both quality and quantity of spatial conflicts.
Ucu Martanto is a lecturer at Department Political Science, Faculty of Social and Political Science Airlangga Unversity, Indonesia. He completed Master Degree in Environmental Security and Peace Studies at United Nations Mandated University for Peace in Costa Rica. His research and teaching interest are political economy, urban politics, and human security issues.