Dr Caroline Norma1, Professor Kaori Okano2, Dr Emma Dalton1, Dr Reina Ichii1
1RMIT, , Australia, 2LaTrobe, , Australia
Chair: Dr Caroline Norma
This panel considers the effects on female workers of Japan’s man-made world of work. These effects are discussed in terms of women’s individual experiences of discrimination, harassment and marginalisation, as well as the sex-unequal structural features of Japan’s labour market noted by a number of local scholars. The agency of men, both as individuals and institutional foot-soldiers, is highlighted in the panel’s identification of factors that exclude and purge women from Japan’s labour market. Among the so-called advanced industrialised countries, this market is highly sex-segregated, and awards women workers incomes vastly different from those of men. While women’s experiences of work in different labour market spheres vary markedly, the panel nonetheless suggests these experiences are fundamentally characterised by accommodation and adaptation to features of the labour market that can be described as “man-made” on the basis of the disadvantage they impose uniquely upon women.