Dr Zhenjie Yuan1
1Guangzhou University, , China
The Xinjiang Interior Class (hereafter “Xinjiangban”) is one of the most iconic minority education policies in contemporary China, involving the physical relocation of students from Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (hereafter “Xinjiang”) to the eastern and central parts of the country. The existing scholarship has focused primarily on interethnic politics among students and graduates in schools, with less attention being paid to other spatial contexts that help understand the subjectivity politics that the policy involves. Drawing on detailed fieldwork on the train travelling across China from northwest to southeast, through which the students were sent into the new educational world, this is the first study seeking to examine the subjective experience of the Uyghur educational elites in such a space-in-motion. This study finds that the long-distance mobility provides the Uyghur students with specific time and space to rethink who they are and how they are connected to different places, people and communities. The students’ subtle subjectivity transformations entail a conflicting sense of eliteness, reinforced sense of self-discipline, and increased place identity to Xinjiang. These findings provide both scholars and policy-makers with a “datum point” to understand and to further interrogate the inter-group politics unfolded in the policy. By employing a mobilities perspective, this study attempts to provide a dynamic and critical approach to investigating the politics of ethnicity and interethnic relationships in China.
Zhenjie Yuan is an associate professor in the Centre for Human Geography and Urban Development, Guangdong Provincial Centre for Urban and Migration Studies, School of Geographical Sciences, Guangzhou University, China. His research is inter-disciplinary, traversing across geography of education, sociology of education and ethnic studies. He holds a BSc in Human Geography from Sun Yat-sen University, China, a M.Sc. in Human Geography from South China Normal University, China, and a PhD in Chinese Studies from the University of Melbourne, Australia. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org